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2021中考英语作文必备(必考句型)

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 2021 中考英语作文必备 (必考 句型 )

 一、 必背 句型

 句型 1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语 There"re three books on the table. 桌子上有三本书。

 句型 2:What"s wrong with+sb./sth.? What"s wrong with your telephone? 你的手机有什么毛病? 句型 3:How do you like…? How do you like China?你觉得中国怎么样? 句型 4:What do you like about…? What do you like about China? 你喜欢中国的什么? 句型 5:had better(not)+动词原形 You"d better ask that policeman over there. 你最好去问问那边的那个警察。

 句型 7:Thank+sb.+for (doing) sth. Thank you for coming to see me. 感谢你来看我。

 句型 8:So+be/情态动词/助动词+主语 He is a student. So am I. 他是一个学生,我也是。

 句型 9:not…until… He didn"t have supper until his parents came back. 直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。

 句型 10:比较级十 and+比较级 The baby cried harder and harder. 那孩子哭得越来越厉害。

 句型 11:the+比较级,the+比较级 The more one has,the more one wants. 拥有的越多,想要的越多。

 句型 12:…as+adj./adv.+as… …not as(so)+adj./adv.+as… Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。

 句型 13:more/less +adj.+than… I think art is less important than music. 我认为艺术不如音乐重要。

 句型 14:stop…from doing sth. The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. 绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。

 句型 15:both…and… Both you and I are students.

 我和你都是学生。

 句型 16:either…or… Either you or he is wrong. 不是你错就是他错。

 句型 17:neither…nor… Neither he nor I am a student. 我和他都不是学生。

 句型 18:…as soon as… As soon as I see him, I"ll give him the message. 我一见到他就把你的消息告诉他。

 句型 19:so+adj./adv.+that… I was so tired that I didn"t want to speak. 我累得连话也不想说了。

 句型 20:Though…十主句 Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time. 虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。

 句型 21:be going to This afternoon I"m going to buy an English book. 今天下午我要去买本英语书。

 句型 22:be different from I think this is different from Chinese names.

 我认为这与汉语名字不同。

 句型 23:Welcome (back) to… Welcome back to school! 欢迎回到学校! 句型 24:have fun doing We"re going to have fun learning English this term. 这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习讲英语。

 句型 25:…because…/…, so..… I don"t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。

 句型 26:Why don"t you…/ Why not…? Why don"t you come to school a little earlier? 为什么不早点到校呢? 句型 27:make it Let"s make it half past nine. 让我们定在九点半吧! 句型 28:have nothing to do They have nothing to do every day. 他们每天无所事事。

 句型 29:be sure/be sure of/ about sth. /be sure to do sth. I was not sure of/about the way, so I asked someone.

 我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

 句型 30:between…and… There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

 句型 31:keep sb. /sth. +adj. /V-ing /介词补语 /adv. You must keep your classroom clean. 你们必须保持教室干净。

 Sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起,让你久等。

 句型 32:find+宾语+宾补 He finds it very hard to travel around the big city.他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

 句型 33:…not…any more / longer The old man doesn"t travel any more. 这位老人不再旅行了。

 句型 34:What"s the weather like…? What"s the weather like in spring in your hometown? 在你们家乡,春天天气怎么样? 句型 35:There is no time to do/have no time to do There was no time to think. 没有时间思考。

 I have no time to go home for lunch.

 我没有时间回家吃午饭。

 句型 36:Help oneself to… Help yourself to some fish. 吃鱼吧! 句型 37:used to do I used to read this kind of story books. 我过去常读这种故事书。

 句型 38:borrow…from I borrowed a book from him. 我从他那借了一本书。

 句型 39:lend sb. sth. /lend sth. to sb. He lent me a story book/He lent a story book to me. 他借了本故事书给我。

 句型 40:have been to Have you ever been to Hawaii? 你曾去过夏威夷吗? 句型 41:have gone to Where"s he? He"s gone to Washington. 他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。

 句型 42:be famous for Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

 句型 43:No matter+疑问句+主句 No matter when you come,you are welcomed. 无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

 句型 44:be afraid (of/to do/that..) Don"t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

 句型 45:…as…as possible/…as…as sb. can I hope to see him as soon as possible. 我希望能尽快见到他。

 He ran here as fast as he could. 他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

 句型 46:practise /enjoy/finish doing Tom enjoys playing football very much. 汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

 He finished reading the story book. 他看完了那本故事书。

 句型 47:ask sb. (not) to do sth. Her mother ask her to clean the room. 她妈妈叫她打扫房间。

 句型 48:be worth (doing) … This book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。

 句型 49:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语) He seems to be angry. 他似乎生气了。

 The house seems too noisy. 这房子似乎太吵了。

 句型 50:It"s said that… It"s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 据说大白鲨是最危险的鲨鱼之一。

 8 大时态结构

 一、一般现在时 1、概念:表示经常发生的情况;有规律出现的情况;总是发生的;事实真理。

 2.时间状语: Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week (day, year, month…), on Sundays (on Mondays…), etc. 3.基本结构:主语+动词原形(如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式) 4.否定形式:主语+am / is / are+not+其他;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加 don"t,如主语为第三人称单数,则用 doesn"t,同时还原行为动词。

 5.一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首;用助动词 do 提问,如主

 语为第三人称单数,则用 does,同时,还原行为动词。

 eg:

 ①It seldom snows here. 这里很少下雪。

 ②He is always ready to help others. 他总是乐于帮助别人。

 ③Action speaks louder than words. 事实胜雄辩。

 二、一般过去时 1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

 2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last (year,night,month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time,etc. 3.基本结构:主语+动词的过去式或 be 的过去式+名词 4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+其他;在行为动词前加didn"t,同时还原行为动词。

 5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;用助动词 do 的过去式 did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

 eg:

 ①She often came to help us in those days.那些天她经常来帮助我们。

 ②I didn"t know you were so busy.我不知道你这么忙。

 三、一般将来时 1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备

 做某事。

 2.时间状语:Tomorrow, next day (week,month, year…), soon, in a few minutes, by…, the day after tomorrow,etc. 3.基本结构:主语+am/is / are+going to+do+其它;主语+will / shall+do+其它 4.否定形式:主语+am /is/ are not going to+do;主语+will / shall not do+其它 5.一般疑问句:be 放于句首;will / shall 提到句首。(首字母大写) eg:

 ①They are going to have a competition with us in studies.他们将在学习中与我们竞争。

 ②It is going to rain.天要下雨了。

 四、一般过去将来时 1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

 2.时间状语:The next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc. 3.基本结构:主语+was / were+going to+do+其它;主语+would / should+do+其它 4.否定形式:主语+was / were+not+going to+do+其它;主语+would/should+not+do.

 5.一般疑问句:was 或 were 放于句首;would / should 提到句首 eg:

 ①He said he would go to Beijing the next day. 他说他第二天要去北京。

 ②I asked who was going there. 我问,谁要去那里。

 五、现在进行时 1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

 2.时间状语:Now, at this time, days, look, listen, etc. 3.基本结构:主语+be+doing+其它 4.否定形式:主语+be+not+doing+其它 5.一般疑问句:把 be 动词放于句首。

 eg:

 ①Are you feeling good today?你今天感觉如何? ②He is doing well in his lessons.在课上他表现得很好。

 六、过去进行时 1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

 2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time 或以 when 引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

 3.基本结构: 主语+was / were+doing+其它 4.否定形式:主语+was/were+not+doing+其它

 5.一般疑问句:把 was 或 were 放于句首。(第一个字母大写) eg:

 ①At that time she was working in a company. 那段时间她在一家公司工作

 ②When he came in, I was reading a newspaper. 他进来时,我正在读报纸。

 七、现在完成时 1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

 2.时间状语:yet, already, just, never, ever, so far, by now, since+时间点,for+时间段,recently, lately, in the past few years,etc. 3.基本结构:主语+have / has+过去分词+其它 4.否定形式:主语+have / has+not+过去分词+其它 5.一般疑问句:have 或 has 放句首。

 eg:

 ①I"ve written an article. 我已经写了一篇论文。

 ②The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years. 在过去的几年,农村发生了巨大的变化。

 八、过去完成时 1.概念:过去发生或者已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

 2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year (term, month), etc. 3.基本结构:had+done. 4.否定形式:had+not+done. 5.一般疑问句:had 放于句首。

 6.用法:

 (1)在 told, said, knew, heard, thought 等动词后的宾语从句中。

 eg:

 She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她从来没有去过巴黎。

 (2)在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。

 eg:

 ①When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。

 (3)表示意向的动词,如 hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,suppose 等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。

 eg:

 ①We had hoped that you would come, but you didn"t. 那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。

 ②I had hardly opened the door when he hit me. 我刚打开

 门,他就打了我。

 (注意:

 had hardly… when... 刚......就......) ③He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。

 (注意:had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……) 五大常考话题作文 句型

 一、健康 1、有一个健康的生活方式是容易的。

 It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle. 2、每晚 8 个小时的睡眠是重要的。

 It’s important to sleep eight hours a night. 3、饮食均衡是重要的。

 It’s important to eat a balanced diet. 4、你应该通过锻炼来保持健康。

 You should exercise to stay fit. 5、你应该早点上床睡觉。

 You should go to bed early for a few nights. 6、你也应该躺下休息。

 You should also lie down and rest. 7、你应该吃水果蔬菜并喝大量的水。

 You should eat fruit and vegetables and drink lots of water. 8、你也应该听音乐放松。

 You should also listen to music to relax. 10、你不应该熬夜。

 You shouldn’t stay up. 二、人物 1、我高大结实,有着短(长)发,戴眼镜。

 I am tall and strong. I have short / long hair. I often wear a pair of glasses. 2、我外向(随和、风趣、活跃、可爱、聪明、有创造力)。

 I am outgoing / easygoing / funny / active / lovely / smart / creative. 3、我聪明活泼,受人欢迎,对人礼貌。

 I am a bright and lively boy / girl. I am popular with everyone. I am polite to others. 4、我 15 岁。

 I am 15 years old. 5、我是一中的学生(老师)。

 I am a student / teacher in No.1 Middle School. 6、我是一名工厂的工人(医院的护士)。

 I am a worker / nurse. I work in a factory / hospital. 7、我将来想成为一名艺术家(科学家、音乐家)。

 I want to be an artist / a scientist / a musician in the future.

 8、我喜欢看书、聊天和放风筝。

 I like reading, chatting with friends and flying kites. 9、我积极参加运动,对足球(篮球)感兴趣。

 I take an active part in sports. I am interested in soccer / basketball. 10、我花很多时间在电视和电脑上。

 I spend plenty of time on TV and computers. 三、旅游 1、星期六早上 8 点在校门口集中。

 We’ll meet at the school gate at 8 am on Sunday. 2、 我带你参观中国的名胜古迹。

 I’ll show you around some places of interest in China. 3、不准拍照,禁止大声喧哗。

 Don’t take photos. We mustn’t talk loudly. 4、乘车(步行)前往。

 We’ll go there by bus / on foot. 5、动身前准备好一切物品并打包。

 Remember to get ready for everything you need before leaving and pack them. 6、最好带一把雨伞(笔和笔记本)。

 It’s better to take an umbrella / a pen and notebook with us.

 7、要守时,不要迟到。

 Be on time. Don’t be late. 8、自备食物和饮料。

 We should take our own foods and drinks. 9、祝大家玩得开心,旅途愉快。

 I hope everyone will have a great time / have fun / enjoy yourselves. I wish you a good trip. 10、我准备去爬山(游泳、钓鱼、划船、骑自行车)。

 I plan to go hiking / swimming / fishing / boating / bike riding. 四、环境 1、不要乱丢垃圾。

 Don’t drop litter. 2、保护园区整洁。

 Keep the park clean and tidy. 3、我们应该改善我们的环境。

 We should improve our environment. 4、我们的国家会变得越来越美丽。

 Our country will become more and more beautiful. 五、安全 1、夜间不要在外逗留得太晚。

 Don’t stay too late outside at night.

 2、未经许可不要独自去任何地方。

 Don’t go anywhere alone without permission. 3、吃太多的垃圾食品容易生病。

 You’re easy to be ill if you eat too much junk food. 4、慌慌张张过马路容易发生事故。

 You’re easy to have an accident if you cross the road in a hurry. 5、上、下车时注意安全,不要推挤。

 Be careful when getting on and getting off the bus. Don’t push others. 6、上学、放学的路上注意安全,过马路时要看红绿灯。

 Be careful on the way to school and back home. Be sure to look at the traffic lights when crossing the road. 7、在湖边玩耍时注意安全,不要单独行动。

 Be careful when playing by the lake. It’s not safe to play alone. 8、在公园游玩时注意安全,不要离开你的团队。

 Be careful when playing in the park, and keep close to your team. 9、遇到麻烦时应互相帮助(相互关照)。

 We should help each other / look after each other when we’re in trouble.

 六、环保 1. It‘s our duty to protect our environment. 2. It is very important to take care of our environment 3. We should not throw litter onto the ground 4. We should not spit in a public place/ cut down the trees 5. We should plant more flowers and trees. 6. We must pick up some rubbish and throw it into a dustbin 7. If everyone makes contribution to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful. 七、旅游 1. Last Sunday (Saturday), it was sunny (rainy, windy, foggy) 2. I got up very early (late)。

 After breakfast I went to …with my friends by bike, bus,… 3. We enjoyed ourselves. 4. We forgot the time. We didn‘t come back until 5 o‘clock. 5. We all felt very tired, but we were happy. 6. I thought I would never forget this trip. 7. Last summer, my parents and I went to Beijing for our holidays. 8. We visited a lot of places of interest. 9. We had a good time there.

 10. We bought a lot of things. The clothes here are good and cheap. 八、比赛 1. Last Sunday, Class One had a football match with Class Two. 2. All of us went to watch it. 3. The match was very exciting. 4. In fact, I have never seen such an exciting match before. 5. The score was 5-3. Our team scored three goals in the last fifteen minutes. 6. Class One won this match. Class Two lost. 7. Class One played well. They deserved to win. 8. Their PE teacher was very pleased with their performance. 九、健康 1. It is very important to keep healthy. 2. How can we keep healthy? 3. We can‘t go to sleep too late. We can‘t get up too late. 4. We should eat the food healthily. 5. We should do more exercise. 6. Last Tuesday I got a cold and had a pain in my head. 7. I didn‘t feel like eating anything.

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